Bids by incumbents to run for a countless term as head of state, regardless of whether the relevant constitution and agreement deals impose term limits or not; have created an atmosphere of potential conflict in a number of African countries.
African Countries experienced insecurity phase during election campaigns and mostly is the time for rebellions to protest and reveal their mission for ongoing election campaign while the incumbent leaders do not tend stepping down from power when their constitutional term limit agreement occurs.
Many country leaders tend to change the constitution for the purpose of remaining on power which causes misunderstanding and citizen’s death.
In October 2014, the Protesters stormed Burkina Faso’s parliament, dragging furniture and computers onto the street and setting the main chamber ablaze, in the most significant challenge to the president Blaise Compaore’s term bid after his 27 years in power.
Burundi and President Pierre Nkurunziza elections feuds are a good case study to understand how this is so hazardous. Since his excellence Pierre Nkurunziza announced the third term bid the rebellions angrily started working until General Godefroid Niyombare tried unsuccessful Nkurunziza’s government overthrow. Many innocent citizens lost their lives and even more soldiers like Adolph Nshimirimana case still being assassinated.
Nkurunziza’s third term bid explanations was that for the first term he was not directly elected by the people and he only considered the second and the third as he was elected by Burundian citizens which his opponents and some citizens considered to be totally against constitution and Arusha peace deal.
Many people died in Kenya after 2008 elections when elections commission announced Mwai Kibaki as elected one. Since then many people who were on the opponent front runner side of Kibaki, Raila Odinga started protesting and many people died as well some shops were burned and other citizens rushed into refugees in neighboring countries.
The recent Ugandan election was a worthy instance in the region as the fore front opposition runner Dr Kiiza Besigye Jailed few days before elections. The police were in charge of protecting security met a big and hard job since street protesters were so many in Kampala others looting shops.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, supporters and propagandists of Incumbent President Joseph Kabila early advocating that he should be allowed to stand for election in 2016, but opposition parties on 23 August 2016 called for a nationwide shutdown as part of protests against reports that elections would be delayed till July 2017.
Belgium minister of foreign affairs Mr Didier Reynders in his recent visit to Rwanda talked around regional insecurity issues which are commonly based on elections like the case of Burundi where many people died and even Democratic Republic of Congo where quarreling between his excellence Joseph Kabila and local Leaders started rising, as well his country is concerned with meeting with regional leaders to discuss insecurity root.